The drum is a musical instrument that has been around for thousands of years. It is still one of the most popular parts of music today.
Uses[ edit ] Drums are usually played by striking with the hand, or with one or two sticks. A wide variety of sticks are used, including wooden sticks and sticks with soft beaters of felt on the end.
In jazz, some In many traditional cultures, drums have a symbolic function and are used in religious ceremonies. Drums are often used in music therapyespecially hand drums, because of their tactile nature and easy use by a wide variety of people.
Drums acquired even divine status in places such as Burundiwhere the karyenda was a symbol of the power of the king. Construction[ edit ] Drum carried by John Unger, Company B, 40th Regiment New York Veteran Volunteer Infantry Mozart Regiment, December 20, The shell almost invariably has a circular opening over which the drumhead is stretched, but the shape of the remainder of the shell varies widely.
In the western musical tradition, the most usual shape is a cylinderalthough timpanifor example, use bowl -shaped shells. Drums with cylindrical shells can be open at one end as is the case with timbalesor can have two drum heads, one head on each end.
Single-headed drums typically consist of a skin stretched over an enclosed space, or over one of the ends of a hollow vessel.
Drums with two heads covering both ends of a cylindrical shell often have a small hole somewhat halfway between the two heads; the shell forms a resonating chamber for the resulting sound. Exceptions include the African slit drumalso known as a log drum as it is made from a hollowed-out tree trunk, and the Caribbean steel drummade from a metal barrel.
Drums with two heads can also have a set of wires, called snares, held across the bottom head, top head, or both heads, hence the name snare drum.
Drums figure prominently in the 21st century in numerous musical genres around the world. The word drum is sometimes used for nonmembrane struck instruments, such as steel drums, bronze drums, and slit drums (made of hollowed wood). The djembe is one of West Africa's best known instruments. This goblet-shaped drum is traditionally carved from a single piece of African hardwood and topped with an animal skin as a drumhead. The Drum (Taiko in Japanese) was the first instrument used by mankind and on this site Megumi Ochi, the curator of the Taiko Drum Museum in Tokyo, discusses the history of the Taiko. From the Rolling Thunder Taiko Resource.
On modern band and orchestral drums, the drumhead is placed over the opening of the drum, which in turn is held onto the shell by a "counterhoop" or "rim"which is then held by means of a number of tuning screws called "tension rods" that screw into lugs placed evenly around the circumference.
The head's tension can be adjusted by loosening or tightening the rods. Many such drums have six to ten tension rods. The sound of a drum depends on many variables—including shape, shell size and thickness, shell materials, counterhoop material, drumhead material, drumhead tension, drum position, location, and striking velocity and angle.
These methods are rarely used today, though sometimes appear on regimental marching band snare drums. Similarly, the tabla is tuned by hammering a disc held in place around the drum by ropes stretching from the top to bottom head.
Orchestral timpani can be quickly tuned to precise pitches by using a foot pedal. Several American Indian -style drums for sale at the National Museum of the American Indian Several factors determine the sound a drum produces, including the type, shape and construction of the drum shell, the type of drum heads it has, and the tension of these drumheads.
Different drum sounds have different uses in music. Take, for example, the modern Tom-tom drum. A jazz drummer may want drums that are high pitched, resonant and quiet whereas a rock drummer may prefer drums that are loud, dry and low-pitched.
Since these drummers want different sounds, their drums are constructed and tuned differently. The drum head has the most effect on how a drum sounds.
Each type of drum head serves its own musical purpose and has its own unique sound. Double-ply drumheads dampen high frequency harmonics because they are heavier and they are suited to heavy playing. Drum heads with central silver or black dots tend to muffle the overtones even more.
And drum heads with perimeter sound rings mostly eliminate overtones Howie Some jazz drummers avoid using thick drum heads, preferring single ply drum heads or drum heads with no muffling.
Rock drummers often prefer the thicker or coated drum heads. The second biggest factor that affects drum sound is head tension against the shell. When the hoop is placed around the drum head and shell and tightened down with tension rods, the tension of the head can be adjusted.
When the tension is increased, the amplitude of the sound is reduced and the frequency is increased, making the pitch higher and the volume lower.
The type of shell also affects the sound of a drum. Because the vibrations resonate in the shell of the drum, the shell can be used to increase the volume and to manipulate the type of sound produced. The larger the diameter of the shell, the lower the pitch.
The larger the depth of the drum, the louder the volume.Before the modern era, the various drum-related percussion instruments were often played by different people. For example, the bass drum would be played by one musician with the cymbals and snare played by others.
As music evolved, this became unwieldy and expensive. ∎ (drums) the percussion section of a band or orchestra. ∎ [in sing.] a sound made by or resembling that of a drum: the drum of their feet.
∎ hist. a military drummer. 2. something resembling or likened to a drum in shape, in particular: ∎ a cylindrical container or receptacle. See also oil drum. The Drum (Taiko in Japanese) was the first instrument used by mankind and on this site Megumi Ochi, the curator of the Taiko Drum Museum in Tokyo, discusses the history of the Taiko.
From the Rolling Thunder Taiko Resource. The djembe is one of West Africa's best known instruments. This goblet-shaped drum is traditionally carved from a single piece of African hardwood and topped with an animal skin as a drumhead.
16 rows · History of Drums Timeline Timeline Description: The drum is a musical instrument that has been around for thousands of years. It is still one of the most popular parts of music today.
The Drum (Taiko in Japanese) was the first instrument used by mankind and on this site Megumi Ochi, the curator of the Taiko Drum Museum in Tokyo, discusses the history of the Taiko. From the Rolling Thunder Taiko Resource.