Are you sure you want to delete this answer? Yes Sorry, something has gone wrong.
As one of the nations that came out on top of the geo-political situation, the United States was looked to with hope by aspiring nationalist movements, but also seen as a potential source by European allies in the war as a potential supporter of the move to restore the tarnished empires to their former glory.
Download audio mp3—right click to download. If you could start with a definition of decolonization: Decolonization is essentially any process where one state is moving from being a colony within a formal empire to national independence. This cartoon depicts Cuba, Puerto Rico, Hawaii, and the Philippines as unruly children who must be compelled to learn their lessons in civilization before they can join the rest of the class.
And the United States has a kind of ambiguous position, right? Yes, it really was. And it comes down to how you define the idea of empire. But everyone can agree that the United States has wanted to expand ever since it first became a nation. The United States has always acted as an empire in this tendency to annex new territories and peoples.
It did so by integrating new states into the country, as it did with Hawaii and these western territories, or establishing a finite period of occupation, as was done with the Philippines, which we left in And we see that today.
We still have American territories and we have many of these military instillations over seas that many people talk about as an empire. So how did this ambiguous situation affect the way that colonialism and decolonization were viewed in the United States?
Since the Revolution, the American people—the popular idea—has always been against empires, especially this idea of having formal colonies. And in the twentieth century there were academics, there were politicians like Franklin Roosevelt who loved reminding the world that the United States was the first post-colonial nation, the first revolutionary anti-colonial nation.
The Monroe Doctrine is this fantastic example of the tension between empire and anti-colonialism in the United States. The popular view of the Monroe Doctrine is that the United States was protecting the western hemisphere from European imperialism, this re-colonization. But officials were really interested in protecting US interests in Latin America, which was sort of our sphere of influence.
And the United States was arguing against the establishment of formal colonies because we wanted to retain access to these nations politically and economically in Latin America.
The United States was especially protective of areas like the Caribbean because we had strong economic ties, there was this close geo-strategic proximity. Essentially what we were doing was establishing an informal type of empire in the region where we had an outside influence on domestic and economic affairs, but we did not directly colonize them the way the Europeans were doing.
Outside of these kinds of areas of specific interest, like the Caribbean, like the Pacific trade bloc that we were trying to create, the US essentially minded its own business.
Now we look at empires as these things of the past, these historic relics, but at the time it was just an accepted part of the international system. What we essentially wanted to say was that no one colonize here, we keep these open trading blocs, and we can go about our economic competition on fair ground.
And this was the general reaction, with a few exceptions. Mark Twain was writing about it, American missionaries were writing about it, and objecting to it. But this was more a popular humanitarian crusade, not necessarily an official condemnation of imperialism, which the United States was not willing to do at the time.
So we were most interested in having the freedom to have economic relations with other countries with colonies rather than political control.
And when did this kind of political hands-off attitude begin to change? The first glimmerings were with Woodrow Wilson and his talk of national self-determination after World War I at the Versailles Conference.
But Wilson applied this mainly to Eastern Europe, and he was quite surprised when people in places in Vietnam—Indo-China at the time—and India tried to use this rhetoric to claim independence.
Franklin Roosevelt was really the first American president to hold a truly critical view of empires. Roosevelt came out of this Wilsonian tradition, but he understood that the big historic implications of rising nationalism in Asia, Africa, and Latin America as an extension of the American revolutionary spirit from the s.
And Mahatma Gandhi and Indian nationalist received global attention in the s for their peaceful protest against British rule. And it seemed that this colony in particular was inching towards independence. Roosevelt recognized that this was a start of a global movement and he wanted to have the United States on the right side of history when things played out.
But in the Western Hemisphere, where the United States had control, he implemented the Good Neighbor policy infor instance, which was meant to build cooperative relationships with Latin American countries that the US had traditionally treated as part of its informal empire.
What was the influence of the war? The war had two effects.
The first was that it seriously disrupted the Dutch-French-British-Belgian colonial systems. In Asia, Japanese invasions of European colonies like Vietnam, like the British in Burma, illustrated to local peoples that Europeans were not invincible.Japanese boys at an internment camp in the United States during World War II (National Archives) In Korematsu v.
United States, decided in , the Supreme Court, in a 6–3 decision, upheld the president’s action. May 15, · Fearing the growth of Communism, the United States began in to channel aid to the countries of Western Europe to help them rebuild after the devastation of World War II. The assistance provided by the Marshall Plan made it possible for France to rebuild and to continue fighting the war in plombier-nemours.com: Resolved.
Cold War, the open yet restricted rivalry that developed after World War II between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies. The Cold War was waged on political, economic, and propaganda fronts and had only limited recourse to weapons.
The term was first used by the. Following World War II, a large part of the world was in the hands of European powers, established as colonies in the previous centuries. As one of the nations that came out on top of the geo-political situation, the United States was looked to with hope by aspiring nationalist movements, but also.
For five years during World War II, Indochina was a French-administered possession of Japan. On September 22, , Jean Decoux, the French governor-general appointed by the Vichy government after the fall of France to the Nazis, concluded an agreement with the Japanese that permitted the stationing. When France withdrew and Vietnam was divided in two in , the United States continued to support anticommunist forces Vietnam: The Second Indochina War The government that seized power after Diem’s ouster, . United States: Ute Paiute: Victory: World War II (–) Location: Europe, South Vietnam United States US vessels launch missiles in support of the Libyan Civil War.
AP World History Review. after World War I, this United States president sought to reduce the risk of war by writing the Fourteen Points that influenced the creation of the League of Nations.
bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, Find helpful customer reviews and review ratings for America's Longest War: The United States and Vietnam, and insightful, and provided the back story all the way back to World War II, and gave a short but important and perceptive commentary on Vietnam's leaders' expectations and perceptions of the West, particularly the U.S., coming out of.